Massive two-ton urns flank the lower knee wall that shields the playroom and billiard room on the ground level from the street and creates a small garden area. With its restless, interlocking horizontal volumes, continuous surfaces, banded windows, absence of traditional ornament, and hidden entryway, the house was a complete departure from traditional residential architecture. The result was the Wasmuth Portfolio of 1910, which introduced Wright’s work to Europe and influenced a generation of international architects. Please note that their site covers two different buildings; make sure you are looking at information for Robie House. The Robies moved out in 1911. Specifically, the main second-story space is expressed on the exterior in a dramatic band of 14 stained-glass windows, 12 of them French doors that are shielded from 58th Street by a balcony lined with a knee wall (a wall the height of a knee that was a common feature in Prairie architecture to link building and landscape). The seminary twice proposed tearing down the house—in 1941 and 1957—leading to grassroots protests that included Wright himself, who supposedly quipped, “It all goes to show the danger of entrusting anything spiritual to the clergy.” The building was saved by redevelopers and transferred to the University of Chicago, which used it for a variety of purposes until 1997, when it executed a lease with the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Completed in 1910, the house is recognized today as one of the most important buildings of the 20th century. Interior of the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Passing through the doorway, one enters a compressed foyer and then immediately ascends stairs into the spectacle of the second-story living room and dining area, which together compose a 60-foot-long interior space. Under the 1935 Historic Sites Act, the Robie House was named a National Historic Landmark in 1963, and, after passage of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, it was again so designated in 1971. Steel I beams make the roof cantilever possible, while the detailing of the exterior brickwork reinforces the horizontal emphasis by tooling the horizontal joints in a natural mortar and leaving the vertical joints flush in a brick-coloured mortar. For the next seventy years the house would have a checkered existence, serving at times as a classroom building, a refectory, a dormitory, and office space for several organizations. The University of Chicago Press, 1984. including B&W photos, Index, Bibliography and End Notes. Photography: James Caulfield, Privacy Policy | Copyright Policy | Site Info | info@flwright.org | 312.994.4000 Designed as two large rectangles that seem to slide past one another, the long, horizontal residence that Wright created for 28-year-old Frederick Robie, boldly established a new form of domestic design: the Prairie style. Abjuring a traditional straightforward entry for a pathway of discovery, Wright tucked the house’s main entrance behind the prowlike porch and living room area running perpendicular to Chicago’s Woodlawn Avenue. Robie House. The lobby of the Rookery (1886), a Chicago building designed by Daniel H. Burnham and John Wellborn Root, was renovated by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1905. Interior of the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Unrelentingly horizontal in its elevation and a dynamic configuration of sliding planes in its plan, the Robie House is the most innovative and forward thinking of all Wright’s Prairie houses. seek best fit with its environment . Frank Lloyd Wright-prairie house style (characterized by the long, horizontal eaves and cantilevers, expressive of the vast prairie landscape) ... to provide information on the strengths and weaknesses of the organization in relation to the opportunities and challenges it faces . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Over the course of the twentieth century, the Robie House experienced a turbulent history of ownership. The Frederick C. Robie House is located at 5757 South Woodlawn Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. Of the numerous buildings that Frank Lloyd Wright designed around Chicago, none is more famous or influential than Robie House. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Tours are available, and a gift shop is located in the onetime garage. Completed in 1910, Frederick C. Robie House in Chicago's affluent Hyde Park neighborhood is considered to be Frank Lloyd Wright's most accomplished Prairie-style work. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Robie House is considered one of the great examples of Wright’s Prairie School of architecture (which also includes Springfield’s Dana-Thomas House). In his design of the Robie House, Wright achieves a dynamic balance between transparency and enclosure, blurring the boundaries between interior space and the world of nature beyond. Completed in 1910, the house Wright designed for Frederick C. Robie is the consummate expression of his Prairie style. Can you tell Fallingwater from Wingspread? This style is acknowledged as the first truly American style, and is characterized by dominating horizontal lines, banded rows of windows and … Frederick C. Robie House. Vincent Michael, the John H. Bryan Chair in Historic Preservation at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, has been a professional preservationist, tour guide and lecturer since 1983. Cantilever on the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The Wilburs were the last family to live at the Robie House. Completed in 1910, the structure is the culmination of Wright’s modern design innovations that came to be called the Prairie style. Completed in 1910, the house Wright designed for Frederick C. Robie is the consummate expression of his Prairie style. In many ways Robie the client perfectly suited the maverick architect. Robie House, in full Frederick C. Robie House, residence designed for Frederick C. Robie by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in Hyde Park, a neighbourhood on the South Side of Chicago. On his return from Europe in 1910 Wright would continue to explore the concept of organic architecture but would seek new influences beyond that of the Midwest prairie. Two additional families lived at the residence, the Taylors from 1911 to 1912 and the Wilburs from 1912 to 1926. Because its horizontal lines resembled the flat landscape of the Midwestern prairie, the style became known as the Prairie style. The Robie House of Frank Lloyd Wright by Joseph Connors. Wright punctured the chimney above the central fireplace that defines the living and dining areas so that the room reads as a continuous space, ringed on all sides by stained-glass windows and doors. The Robie House would be the last of Wright’s true Prairie houses. Rebecca Robie. In 2019 UNESCO designated the residence, along with seven other Frank Lloyd Wright buildings, a World Heritage site. From the street corner the pointed prow of the main space looks like a ship in motion, and locals dubbed the house “Der Dampfer” (German: “The Steamship”). One critic said the Robie House is “for many Americans the finest work of art turned out by any of our architects in our history as a nation. The light-filled open plan is breathtaking in its simplicity—a single room, comprising a living and dining space, divided only by a central chimney.  Doors and windows of leaded glass line the room, flooding the interior with light. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. It was completed in 1910. Digital Imaging: Robert Frolich, Filtre Studio Unrelentingly horizontal in its elevation and a dynamic configuration of sliding planes in its plan, the Robie House … Today the Robie House stands as an important part of America’s cultural heritage, a powerful declaration of Wright’s uncompromising vision for a new American architecture. Inspired by the expansive landscape of the Midwest prairie, Wright’s Robie House is the most famous of the architect’s groundbreaking Prairie houses. He was an entrepreneur and an inventor, and, as the owner of bicycle and automobile companies, he required—among other oddities—a three-car garage, which was exceedingly rare in 1910. It is near the campus of the University of Chicago in the Hyde Park/Kenwood area. Updates? Robie House Chicago, Illinois, United States ratings, photos, prices, expert advice, traveler reviews and tips, and more information from Condé Nast Traveler. The house is operated by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust, and it underwent an extensive restoration in the early 21st century. The Robie House is well known for its dramatic overhanging roofs, its unique windows, … The site of the house, near the University of Chicago (from which Robie’s wife had graduated), comprised the equivalent of three city lots, the elongated shape of which allowed Wright to create an attenuated horizontal composition. It features dramatically cantilevered rooflines that reach over exterior spaces, continuous walls that shield the ground floor, and bands of windows and doors that counteract the solidity of the wall plane. College Station, ... Texas A&M University 1997 — 2001 Bachelor’s Degree Experience Curney, Farmer, House & Osuna, P.C. The Frank Lloyd Wright Trust has completed a comprehensive restoration of the building, revealing Wright's extraordinary 1910 vision. The structure is often cited as the best example of the Prairie style. The Robie House was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for his client Fredrick C. Robie. The house is conceived as an integral whole—site and structure, interior and exterior, furniture, ornament and architecture, each element is connected. Omissions? The entire space is marked by a rectangular ceiling with a rectangular inset punctuated by regular bands of wood molding and globe lamps. Robie House. Tour information (times and prices) is available at their site www.wrightplus.org. Match these Frank Lloyd Wright designs to their descriptions to truly test your knowledge of the architect’s portfolio. Overview Tours & Tickets Reviews Win Prizes Additional Information Located Nearby. The house was twice threatened with demolition, once in 1941 and then again in 1957. The horizontality of the house is reinforced at every level of the design—from the iconic roofline, to the very bricks and mortar of the building itself. Robie House. The house was built in 1909 for Frederick C. Robie, a bicycle manufacturer, who worked closely with Wright in developing the free-flowing design. The building exhibits Frank Lloyd Wright’s genius at the peak of his career: stretching cantilevered eaves, hidden entryways, stained glass, inviting … See more ideas about robie house, frank lloyd wright, frank lloyd wright robie house. Through his use of materials, Wright achieves a remarkable balance of tone and color, as iron-flecked brick harmonizes with the iridescent leaded glass of the windows that encircle the building. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Trip > Travel Guides > North America > United States > Illinois > Cook County > Chicago > Robie House. Construction of Robie House In 1908, Frederick C. Robie, a successful Chicago businessman, decided to have a “sturdy, functional and strikingly modern” home constructed for his family in Hyde Park, an elegant Chicago neighborhood and home to the campus of the University of Chicago. The Robie House is one of the country's residential gems, nestled at the intersection of the University of Chicago campus and a quiet neighborhood street on the far south side of Chicago. The temple and the Robie House, which recently underwent restoration, are standards of Wright's "Prairie style," relying on strong horizontal features like a prairie landscape. Robie House was created between 1909 and 1910 for businessman Frederick C. Robie, who was forced to sell it only a year after it was completed. Feb 23, 2014 - Explore Behrooz Saboori's board "Robie house" on Pinterest. Frank Lloyd Wright’s world-famous Robie House, designed for businessman Frederick C. Robie between 1908 and 1910, has been a National Historic Landmark since 1963. Set in Trabia in the Sicily region, Robie House features a patio and garden views. The three-story house achieves its horizontality by a number of means. 4.1 /5. The Robie House was the only one of Wright’s many creations to inspire this reaction in him. Iridescent, colored and clear glass composed in patterns of flattened diamond shapes and diagonal geometries evoke floral forms, while subtly echoing the plan and form of the building. In 1991, the house was recognized by the American Institute of Architects as one of the ten most significant structures of the twentieth century. Prior to coming... Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Completed in 1910, the structure is the culmination of Wright’s modern design innovations that came to be called the Prairie style. The property is 16 mi from Cerda and free private parking is featured. Quick Quiz: Can You Match This Frank Lloyd Wright Design To Its Description? The Robie House occupies a corner in a residential area with other similarly stately houses from the 19th and early 20th centuries, so the home didn’t stick out as we imagined it might. Central offices: The Rookery, 209 S. LaSalle Street, Suite 118, Chicago, IL 60604, 1905: Japan Through the Lens of Frank Lloyd Wright. The expansive living space at the heart of the home is one of the great masterpieces of 20th century architecture and interior design. The house is conceived as an integral whole—site and structure, interior and exterior, furniture, ornament and architecture, each element is connected. A guest room, the kitchen, and servants’ quarters are situated to the north of the living and dining area. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Robie-House, Frank Lloyd Wright Trust - Frederick C. Robie House, Chicago Architecture Foundation - Robie House. The Robie family sold the house in December 1911, and later owners, the Wilbur family, sold the property in 1926 to the Chicago Theological Seminary for use as married-student housing. The house is conceived as an integral whole—site and structure, interior and exterior, furniture, ornament and architecture, each element is connected. 8.25" x 8.25". Wander the halls of a building that, from the 1920s onward, had many different functions, including classrooms, a refectory, a dormitory and office space. The Robie House is a National Historic Landmark and is operated by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust. 22 Reviews. It is located in Chicago, United States, this house is the best example of the Prairie Houses planned by Wright and it is one of the most representative buildings of the XX century. Banner Image: Digital recreation of the Robie House dining room. The Frederick C. Robie House is a U.S. National Historic Landmark on the campus of the University of Chicago in the neighborhood of Hyde Park in Chicago, Illinois, at 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue on the South Side. Robie House, in full Frederick C. Robie House, residence designed for Frederick C. Robie by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in Hyde Park, a neighbourhood on the South Side of Chicago. Bedrooms were set on the third floor, and the ground level held the garage, a playroom, a billiard room, and other ancillary rooms. The Imperial Hotel from the Kōshien Hotel? In October of 1909, with construction underway at the Robie House, Wright left America for Europe to work on the publication of a substantial monograph of his buildings and projects. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1908, Frederick Carlton Robie (born 1879) ordered the Robie House to one of the great masters of the modern architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright. It was designed and built between 1908 and 1910 by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and is renowned as For all its modern-day acclaim, the Robie House has experienced a rather tumultuous history. On the exterior, bands of brick and limestone anchor the building to the earth, while overhanging eaves and dramatic cantilevered roofs shelter the residence. These display geometric patterns, a riot of dynamic angles and sharp polygons of colour that are abstractions of various plant forms. From the Preface: "This book is written for the layman who would like to take a close look at a single house by Frank Lloyd Wright. The Frederick C. Robie House is a U.S. National Historic Landmark in the Chicago, Illinois neighborhood of Hyde Park at 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue on the South Side.It was designed and built between 1908 and 1910 by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and is renowned as the greatest example of the Prairie School style, the first … On his father’s death in 1909, Robie promised to settle his debts and was ultimately forced to sell the house. Wright would go on to create such masterpieces of modern architecture as Fallingwater, in 1939, and the Guggenheim Museum, completed in 1959.  The Robie House, however, remains as one of the defining moments of the architect’s career. Completed in 1910, the house Wright designed for Frederick C. Robie is the consummate expression of his Prairie style. Robie house is located on a corner lot in the neighborhood of Hyde Park, near the University of Chicago. View 625 homes for sale in Robie Creek, ID at a median listing price of $292,450. See pricing and listing details of Robie Creek real estate for sale. Wright himself campaigned each time to save the building. Robie House History and Background Information Frederick C. Robie, a graduate of the University of Chicago and a local businessman, commissioned Frank Lloyd Wright to design a home for his family in 1908. More specifically, at 5757 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. Learn more about … What if you can’t see the buildings? robie house, chicago, illinois, 1908 - 1910, architect: frank lloyd wright "The Frederick C. Robie House is a U.S. National Historic Landmark on the campus of the University of Chicago in the South Side neighborhood of Hyde Park in Chicago, Illinois, at 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue. 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