Other inert gases can replace helium in protecting the weld from oxidation and in protecting the optics, but the special characteristics of helium are quite important for plasma suppression at very high power densities. Its symbol in the periodic table is He. Its primary use is as a coolant in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines. Its atomic number indicates there are two electrons and two protons in a neutral helium atom. Not only is helium one of the most abundant elements in the universe, it’s also one of the most flexible, finding practical applications far beyond filling balloons and blimps. Liquid Helium is used for several things, including chilling powerful magnets in Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Cryogenic Research. These two characteristics make helium the gas of choice for many specialized uses. Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe and became more expensive in 2017 due to shortages. The typical amount found ranges from 2 to 7%. The number one use of helium is as a cooling gas for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines used in medical facilities. A dilution refrigerator uses a mixture of helium-3 and helium-4 to reach cryogenic temperatures as … As far as we're concerned, helium is a "happy" element. However, these tests cannot determine their actions 100% accurately. Helium has the lowest density and lowest specific heat of all nonflammable substances. The same process is used in blimps and air balloons. For this reason, heliox is also used in deep sea diving. We offer cylinder and liquid cylinder containers large enough to cool a DIY particle collider or an MRI magnet, or small enough to fill balloons at a party. So, how does supply keep up with demand? For laser powers ab… The same gas is used by caisson workers too. Helium is found everywhere in the Universe and is the second most common element, just behind hydrogen. This field is concerned with low temperature phenomena and its production. We’ll examine several of the more interesting (and perhaps lesser known) uses to see why it’s so important for suppliers to continue to work to deliver this precious commodity. Common Uses of Helium Evidence shows that the human voice can be changed with a bit of helium. Helium gas is used to inflate blimps, scientific balloons and party balloons. Hydrogen and oxygen are often used as rocket fuel. The danger is the gas functions as an asphyxiate. The largest use of helium is in cryogenics. Helium is also commonly used to pressurize and purge systems of unwanted gases. Helium’s low temperatures make it the only gas which can pressurize and purge the liquid rocket engines of the space shuttle as well as many other rockets. The same element is needed to monitor small fractures in ships and other vehicles. Detecting leaks, such as in the hull of a ship. Helium is used in space exploration and defense applications. The Periodic Table. Helium is less dense than air (it makes the balloon float) and it is safe to use since it will not burn (unlike hydrogen).. 2. Liquid fuels are volatile. Helium filled hard drives are starting to replace air filled hard drives, primarily because they offer, 50% higher storage capacity with 23% lower operating power, In the 10 use cases we’ve highlighted here, it’s clear helium is as versatile as it is valuable. Whether it’s the hull of a ship, the air conditioning line of a car or high-pressure systems like vacuums, helium’s ability to diffuse through solids three times faster than air allows it to effectively identify possible leaks. It's the most widely used of the inert gases, utilized in arc welding, diving, growing silicon crystals, and as a coolant in MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanners. The element is … It is also very stable. e.g. 4. Numerous mathematical processes are used to assess subatomic particle behavior. Helium has a number of uses and in this article we will mention all the important ones. It makes diving can last longer with shorter decompression times. NASA space programs use the gas to fuel their shuttles. Rocky Mountain Air is your local provider of helium, no matter your use. It is used in this type of … Other important uses of helium include: a protective gas for welding, an inert gas for controlled atmosphere manufacturing, a fugitive gas used for leak detection, and a low-v… Using these techniques, neutrons, electrons and protons can be studied. It is usually extracted from natural gas. Its most frequent form is gas. The gas is also used as light weight aircraft fuel. Think of MRI machines. Its most vital properties are density, melting and boiling points, state of matter and atomic mass. But that is the liquid form. Access to it was restricted during the two World Wars. Which is which? Acute and chronic forms of respiratory ailment treatments have helium components. One of the more prevalent uses of helium comes in the production of semiconductor chips. 9. UN1046. To avoid this problem, a craft is filled with helium gas. The super powerful magnets used to produce MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) have to be cooled in order to consistently and accurately do their jobs of providing extremely detailed images of internal body structures. It is a critical resource in scientific research too. These instruments are used for barcode reading. Chromatography system/Wikimedia Commons -458 F (0.95 Kelvin) is the melting point. Inhaling helium from pressure tanks can damage the lungs. Helium is used instead of the nitrogen in normal air because, after a long dive, helium leaves the body faster than nitrogen, allowing faster decompression. In its purest form, the element doesn’t pose any health risks. Helium is one of the most common elements in the universe. The fiber optic cables that carry Internet and cable TV services have to be manufactured in a pure helium atmosphere in order to ensure air bubbles don’t get trapped inside the cables. With its extremely low boiling point, helium gas is the first choice of hospitals to perform that crucial task. You can also find helium in compressed air tanks, lasers, and as coolants in nuclear reactors. It is called a noble gas because it doesn’t chemically interact with elements. Following are major applications: 1. The primary use of Helium goes in altitudes research and meteorological balloons. This combination gets to the lungs much quicker. With such varied uses comes increased demand worldwide. The Uses of Helium.. See also the uses of Neon - Argon - Krypton and Xenon.. What are the Uses of Helium?. Its atomic number is 2 and the weight is 4.002. In almost all cases, oxygen and helium are used together. The rest of the world’s supply comes from Qatar. The element is usually combined with hydrogen in air balloons. RX Only. Gaseous Helium is used for Gas Chromatography, Leak Detection, Scuba Diving, Medical Therapy, Controlled/Modified Atmospheres Balloons (including the ones in the Macy’s Parade) and Airships. The combination provides them with the atmosphere necessary to survive in high pressure environments. This is required during their operation. Either condition cannot manifest under normal pressures. Most people know that helium is used as a lifting gas in blimps and party balloons, but they can't name another way in which it is used. However, the largest single use for helium is in MRI machines. Helium is used to cool down superconduction magnets. Helium has unique properties such that it is the only gas that can be used to pressurize the liquid fuels that power the rockets driving space exploration, as well as the blimps and airships that have other applications within the atmosphere. For the most common example, we all have seen helium balloons being used as an energy-efficient mode of flight during the early 19th century, but that is a very minor application of helium. However, inhaling excessive amounts has its risks. The gas is used for protection during germanium crystal and silicon production. This is used to turn water into steam that then drives a turbine to produce electricity. The same thing also applied to the medicinal field, in which we use the helium-oxygen mixture to help patients who have respiratory distress to breathe more easily. Computer hard drives featuring dramatically improved storage capacities are also reliant on helium. WARNING: Administration of Helium may be hazardous or contraindicated. A well-known but minor use is as a lifting gas in balloons and airships. 10 Uses for Helium: More Than Balloons and Blimps, Computer hard drives featuring dramatically improved storage capacities are also reliant on helium. It is used as an inert shield for arc welding, to pressurize the fuel tanks of liquid fueled rockets and in supersonic windtunnels. Helium filled hard drives are starting to replace air filled hard drives, primarily because they offer 50% higher storage capacity with 23% lower operating power. The element was discovered in 1868 during a solar eclipse. It’s all part of our commitment to deliver Flawless Dependability for our valued customers. Gas welding: A common use of hydrogen gas is in the gas welding process. Better productivity is something companies always want to embrace. Uses of Helium Being non-reactive in nature, helium can be used in a variety of applications. Most of the helium produced today is used for cryogenics. Helium's inert properties at arc temperatures make it an ideal gas for welding materials with high heat conductivity such as aluminum, stainless steel, copper and magnesium alloys. 1. 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